In-Plants’ Challenges: Organizational Visibility

By Lois Ritarossi / Published:

Print and mail service providers may think that in-plants have it easy. In-plants have built in customers,  standard print applications, and they don’t have to compete on price. The reality for many in-plants is far from the accepted beliefs.

In-plant managers are challenged every day to meet the complex and evolving needs of their organizations. I recently spoke with print mail managers from three different in-plants. My intent was to get their perspective on the challenges in providing relevance to their organizations.

The managers of the organizations I met with had different perspectives and specialties:

  • A membership-based organization focused on acquisition and retention;
  • A mail and distribution operation for a non-profit with both a member organization and a large publications division;
  • Print and mail operations for a health insurance provider.

While all three organizations have a business model that revolves around members, a member means different things to each organization and their business model for serving members varies dramatically. The internal customers for these in-plants are the lines of business or departments that develop and create print communications and materials. The departments with the largest demand for print and mail services are product, marketing, communications, and  member services areas.

Product and marketing teams are driven to improve retention, new customer acquisition and customer experience. They often create ideas for print communications without the knowledge of what the in-plant equipment is capable of providing. Many times, they don’t have the detailed knowledge of print, finishing and postal requirements to get a piece into the mail stream. The operations managers and their teams have a vast amount of experience in print and postal operations.

Often, the in-plant managers are brought into projects that are far down the path of design and requirements. This results in a disconnect between the knowledge of how best to accomplish a goal, and how the team intends to complete it. Often the in-plant manager must deliver the news to an internal customer that they can’t produce something without changing the design, size or paper stock to meet equipment capabilities or postal regulations. A common challenge is the ongoing need for the in-plant operation to educate  their various internal customers about their capabilities and requirements for producing documents and mailings.

Source: AsapSCIENCE

Technology Investments

One manager expressed the ongoing chicken and egg battle. The marketing team requests bleeding edge technology and capabilities without a commitment to programs that would justify investments in new technology.

The marketing team is focused on new ideas to engage members. The manager wants to expand the capabilities of the in-plant for color, inkjet and finishing.  The finance team requires a business justification based on cost and equipment utilization. Testing new capabilities does not provide a complete cost justification for technology investments. This results in the marketing team finding a third- party supplier to test new capabilities or new technologies. This means a lack of investment. The in-plant is challenged with older equipment that lacks the capabilities to serve marketing’s desires and ultimately the members.

In-plants with stronger alignment with their internal customers have been able to justify new equipment like inkjet and expand their capabilities. By investing in new technology and expanding their services the in-plant facilities are providing competitive capabilities to their internal customers and aligning with strategic business goals for communication, compliance and customer experience.

Prioritization Among Internal Customers

A daily challenge for these in-plant operations is meeting the quick turnaround times to complete ad-hoc jobs. Managers are tasked with juggling priorities for the regular jobs and their need to be responsive to internal customers with on-demand work.

Meeting aggressive turnaround time requests for ad hoc jobs results often conflicts with service-level agreements for standard work like statements or invoices. Internal customers often have little knowledge about the manufacturing steps or realistic time frames to complete an ad hoc job. While all the managers regularly attempt to educate their internal customers about the capabilities the knowledge disconnect persists.

Marketing and product departments have overburdened staff wearing multiple hats. Working on multiple projects, or responding to the need for a critical communication, they don’t contact the print operation until after the design has been completed and mailing deadlines established. This creates a dysfunctional relationship between the stakeholders making decisions and setting priorities for end-customers and those in the operational roles of providing print mail services. The end result is there are more jobs outsourced.

Wishing for a Magic Wand

The magic wand request in-plant managers consistently shared, was their desire for increased  visibility in their organizations. Their wish was better internal knowledge about what they do and how they can serve their internal customers and ultimately the members. One manager stated, “we’re the best kept secret, so many people and departments  in our organization don’t know we exist or what we do.”

In-plants continue the journey to provide relevance to their companies. Their success is determined by their effectiveness in communication, strategic alignment and their ability to educate their internal customers.

Lois Ritarossi is the President of High Rock Strategies, an independent management consulting firm focused on sales and marketing strategies, and business growth for firms in the print, mail and communication sectors.

See her previous post  “Inkjet Costs and Benefits of Manufacturing


About the Author

Lois Ritarossi

Lois Ritarossi, CMC®, is the President of High Rock Strategies, a consulting firm focused on sales and marketing strategies, and business growth for firms in the print, mail and communication sectors. Lois brings her clients a cross functional skill set and strategic thinking with disciplines in business strategy, sales process, sales training, marketing, software implementation, inkjet transformation and workflow optimization. You can reach Lois at

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